‘The role of education in building peaceful societies: lessons from Somalia’ – Prof Frank Hardman (University of York )
Since the 1970s, large parts of Somalia have experienced the collapse of the central state, varying levels of instability, and protracted, multi-level armed conflict in one form or another, resulting in very limited service delivery. Following the civil war in the early 1990s, it is estimated that 90% of all schools were destroyed in the fighting. The large-scale lack of education is still being felt throughout much of Somalia with recent statistics suggesting that less than 42 per cent of children of primary school age were enrolled in school, one of the lowest student enrolment rates in the world. Building on a conflict analysis of the three zones of Somalia, this talk discusses potential entry points for education in addressing the identified drivers of conflict. First, it will begin with a look at the way conflict has influenced the way education has developed in the region of Somalia and the way it has contributed to the conflict dynamics across the three zones. Secondly, it will discuss the different conflict drivers that were identified in the detailed analysis of each of the three zones. Finally, it will discuss policies and interventions that are needed to address the drivers of conflict and contribute to conflict prevention, social transformation, civic engagement and economic progress.
For more information please contact Dr Pherali (T.Pherali@ioe.ac.uk)